Often depicted as a winged man with a goat-head, this supernatural being has been associated with the Devil but this hasn't always been the case. Baphomet was a deity that the Knight Templars were said to have worshipped. Intimately associated with the Occult and Witchcraft, this pagan deity is believed to represent the sum of the entire universe and all its opposing forces.
(PHOTO: Baphomet cameo necklace, available on the website)
THE KNIGHT TEMPLARS
The name Baphomet has been in use since at least the 1090s, when it was found in an early Crusader’s letter. Because of the Crussades, it is suspected that the term may have been connected with Islam, as chroniclers referred to mosques as Bafumarias. Legend has it that the name Baphomet is a corruption of Mahomet, an alternate spelling of Muhammad, the prophet.
The knight templars, a medieval Catholic military order, were believed to worship Baphomet. When interrogated (and tortured) by the Inquisition, some members confessed to this. It’s unclear whether Baphomet actually had anything to do with the Templars’ activities, or this was a false accusation that the Church created in order to persecute the members for suspected heresy.
BAPHOMET AND SATAN
It was not until the 19th century when Baphomet was associated with its current image ("Sabbatic Goat"), thanks to an image drawn by Éliphas Lévi, a french occultist/magic practicioner. His original intention was not to associate it with Satan but to represent Baphomet as a deity that represents and harmonizes both opposities (Good and Bad, Male and Female...etc).
Original 19th century illustration of a Sabbatic Goat, created by Éliphas Lévi (Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie, 1856). The text on the arms have the Latin words SOLVE (dissolve) and COAGULA (join together).
It was in the 1960s when "the Sabbatic Goat" became deeply established as a "demoniac" figure when the Church of Satan adopted it as their official symbol by adding an inverted pentagram (the symbol of the Devil) to the figure. This new "image" of Baphomet was later added into their "Satanic Bible" (originally published in 1969 by Anton LaVey).
Nowadays, due to its association with Satanism, Baphomet is (wrongly) considered to be the symbol of Devil but this is not necessary true for those who are aligned with the occult.